8.2.17

8th February on HISTORY



Events

    421 – Constantius III becomes co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.0421 – Flavius Constantine becomes Co-Emperor as Emperor Constantius III of the Western Roman Empire with Honorius
    1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
    1250 – Seventh Crusade: Crusaders engage Ayyubid forces in the Battle of Al Mansurah.
    1347 – The Byzantine civil war of 1341–47 ends with a power-sharing agreement between John VI Kantakouzenos and John V Palaiologos.
    1526 – Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die
    1575 – Leiden University is founded, and given the motto Praesidium Libertatis.1575 – University Leiden founded, and given the motto "Praesidium Libertatis"
    1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
    1590 – Luis de Carabajal the younger is tortured by the Inquisition in Mexico City.
    1600 – Vatican convicts scholar Giordano Bruno to death
    1601 – Earl Robert Devereux of Essex armies draws into London1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Queen Elizabeth I and the revolt is quickly crushed.
    1622 – King James I disbands the English parliament
    1672 – Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London
    1690 – French & Indian troops set Schenectady settlement NY on fire1690 – Lord Halifax resigns as Lord Privy Seal
    1693 – The College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, is granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II.1693 – William & Mary college is chartered in the Dominion and Colony of Virginia (2nd in North America)
    1726 – The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.
    1735 – First opera in North American colonies "Flora" opens in Charleston, SC
    1743 – Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth
    1744 – French/Spanish fleet leaves Toulon
    1750 – Minor earthquake in London
    1775 – Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
    1776 – Wolfgang von Goethe's "Stella" premieres in Hamburg
    1802 – Simon Willard patents banjo clock
    1807 – After two days of bitter fighting, the Russians under Bennigsen and the Prussians under L'Estocq concede the Battle of Eylau to Napoleon.1807 – Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon's forces and Russian Empire - 1st battle Napoleon isn't victorious
    1809 – Franz I of Austria declares war on France
    1817 – Las Heras crosses the Andes with an army to join San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.
    1837 – 1st VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)1837 – Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
    1849 – New Roman Republic established.
    1855 – The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.1855 – The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.
    1856 – Barbu Dimitrie Știrbei abolishes slavery in Wallachia.
    1861 – Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
    1862 – Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound1862 – Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
    1865 – 1st black major in US Army appointed during US Civil war - Martin Robison Delany1865 – In the United States, Delaware voters reject the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and vote to continue the practice of slavery. (Delaware finally ratifies the amendment on February 12, 1901.)
    1867 – The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
    1879 – Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.1879 – Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
    1879 – The England cricket team led by Lord Harris is attacked during a riot during a match in Sydney.
    1883 – Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
    1885 – The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii.
    1887 – Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the 1st US ski club1887 – The Dawes Act authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
    1887 – The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
    1887 – Under the Dawes Act indians living apart from tribe granted citizenship
    1889 – Flood ravages Dutch coast
    1894 – Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
    1895 – Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake" premieres in St Petersburg
    1896 – Georges Feydeau's "Le Dindon" premieres in Paris1896 – Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf
    1898 – John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding & gumming mach (Mass)
    1904 – Aceh War: Dutch Colonial Army's Marechaussee regiment lead by General G.C.E. van Daalen launch military campaign to capture Gayo Highland, Alas Highland, and Batak Highland in Dutch East Indies' Northern Sumatra region, which ends with genocide to Acehnese and Bataks people.1904 – Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
    1905 – Cyclone hit Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people
    1906 – Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near the naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; there is confusion because no deceleration of war was given
    1908 – Wilhelmina '08 soccer team forms in Weert, Netherlands
    1909 – France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco
    1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
    1911 – US helps overthrow Presnt Miguel Devila of Honduras
    1912 – 1st eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla1912 – British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength
    1914 – General Zamon becomes president of Haiti
    1915 – D. W. Griffith's controversial film The Birth of a Nation premieres in Los Angeles.1915 – D. W. Griffith's silent film "The Birth of a Nation" opens at Clune's Auditorium in Los Angeles - first 12-reel film in America
    1916 – French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 3741916 – NL votes down Charlie Ebbets proposal to limit 25 cent seats
    1918 – "Stars & Stripes,", weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published
    1920 – Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule1920 – Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
    1922 – Radio arrives at the White House1922 – United States President Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio set in the White House.
    1923 – Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 1201923 – German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
    1924 – 1st US coast-to-coast radio hookup: Gen John Joseph Carty speech in Chic1924 – Capital punishment: The first state execution in the United States by gas chamber takes place in Nevada.
    1925 – Kaufman & Berlin's "cocoanuts" premieres in NYC1925 – Marcus Garvey enters federal prison in Atlanta
    1925 – National day of Air Force of Iran
    1926 – Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio becomes Walt Disney Studios1926 – German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership
    1926 – Sean O'Casey's "Plough & Stars" opens at Abbey Theater Dublin
    1927 – Belgian-Swiss treaty signed
    1928 – 1st transatlantic TV image received, Hartsdale, NY1928 – Scottish inventor Joh Logie Baird demonstrates colourTV
    1929 – KOY-AM in Phoenix Arizona begins radio transmissions
    1930 – "Happy Days Are Here Again" by Benny Mereoff hits #1
    1931 – Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
    1933 – 1st flight of all-metal Boeing 2471933 – -23°F (-31°C), Seminole, Texas (state record)
    1934 – Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.1934 – Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
    1936 – 1936 NFL Draft (first ever): Jay Berwanger from University of Chicago first pick by Philadelphia Eagles1936 – 1st ski jumping tournament, Red Wing, Minn
    1936 – 1st successful Toronto Maple Leaf penalty shot, Conacher vs Rangers
    1936 – Pandit Jawaharlal follows Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party
    1937 – Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings" premieres in NYC
    1940 – Lewis & Hamilton's musical "Two for the Show" premieres in NYC1940 – Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland
    1941 – NSB'er Max Blokzijl begins nazi propaganda on Dutch radio
    1942 – Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort1942 – Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore (WWII)
    1942 – Stravinsky's "Danses Concertantes" premieres in Los Angeles
    1942 – World War II: Dutch Colonial Army General Destruction Unit (AVC, Algemene Vernielings Corps) burns Banjarmasin, South Borneo to avoid Japanese capture.
    1942 – World War II: Japan invades Singapore.
    1943 – Red Army recaptures Kursk
    1944 – 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin1944 – U-762 sunk off Ireland
    1945 – Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald1945 – Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach
    1945 – World War II: The United Kingdom and Canada commence Operation Veritable to occupy the west bank of the Rhine.
    1946 – Béla Bartók's 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Philadelphia, PA, US1946 – Premier Salazar of Portugal forbids opposition parties
    1946 – The first portion of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the Authorized King James Version, is published.
    1947 – Jan van der Hoorn wins 8th Dutch 11-cities skating race (10:51)1947 – KSD (now KSDK) TV channel 5 in St Louis, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting
    1948 – 5th Winter Olympic games close at St Moritz, Switzerland1948 – The formal creation of the Korean People's Army of North Korea is announced.
    1949 – Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary is sentenced for treason.1949 – Hungarian Cardinal Mindszenty sentenced to life in prison
    1950 – The Stasi, the secret police of East Germany, is established.
    1952 – "RCA Victor Show Starring Dennis Day" debuts on NBC TV1952 – Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc
    1952 – Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom.
    1953 – Betty Jameson wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open1953 – WLVA (now WSET) TV channel 13 in Lynchburg-Roanoke, VA (ABC) begins
    1955 – Malenkov resigns as USSR premier, Bulganin replaces him1955 – The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
    1955 – The Government of Sindh, Pakistan, abolishes the Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km2) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
    1956 – Mine disaster in Quaregnon Belgium, 8 die
    1957 – SF Public Library's bookmobile initiated in front of City Hall
    1958 – Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia1958 – French planes bomb Sakiet Tunisia, 75 die
    1958 – KIRO TV channel 7 in Seattle, WA (CBS) begins broadcasting
    1960 – Boston Celtic Bill Russell becomes 1st NBAer with 50 rebounds (51)1960 – Congress opens hearings looking into payola
    1960 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".
    1960 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issues an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".
    1960 – The first eight brass star plaques are installed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
    1962 – Charonne massacre. Nine trade unionists are killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police.1962 – In Paris, 8 people killed at a protest against independence for the French colony Algeria
    1962 – KACB TV channel 3 in San Angelo, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
    1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1963 – 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)1963 – AFL's Dallas Texans become KC Chiefs
    1963 – The first full color television program in the world, publicly advertised, is broadcast in Mexico City by XHGC-TV, Channel 5, due to technical breakthrough advances made by Mexican engineer Guillermo González Camarena.
    1963 – The regime of Prime Minister of Iraq, Brigadier General Abd al-Karim Qasim is overthrown by the Ba'ath Party.
    1963 – Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
    1963 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1964 – Peter Shaffer's "Royal Hunt of the Sun" premieres in London1964 – Rep Martha Griffiths address gets civil rights protection for women being added to the 1964 Civil Rights Act
    1965 – 22nd Golden Globes: Becket, Peter O'Toole, & Anne Bancroft win1965 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 663 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean and explodes, killing everyone aboard.
    1965 – Eastern DC-7B crashes into Atlantic off Jones Beach NJ, kills 84
    1965 – Supremes release "Stop In the Name of Love"
    1967 – Longest losing streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (10 games)1967 – Peter (Asher) & Gordon (Waller) discontinue their singing partnership
    1967 – Pirate Radio UKGM (England) closes down
    1967 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1968 – "Planet of the Apes" premieres in New York City1968 – American civil rights movement: The Orangeburg massacre: An attack on black students from South Carolina State University who are protesting racial segregation at the town's only bowling alley, leaves three or four dead in Orangeburg, South Carolina.
    1968 – Officers kill 3 students demonstrating in SC State (Orangeburg)
    1969 – Allende meteorite falls near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua, Mexico.1969 – Last edition of Saturday Evening Post
    1969 – Meteorite weighing over 1 ton falls in Chihuahua, Mexico
    1971 – Pedro Morales beats Ivan Koloff in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ1971 – South Vietnamese ground troops launch an incursion into Laos to try to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail and stop communist infiltration.
    1971 – South Vietnamese troops invade Laos
    1971 – The Nasdaq stock market index debuts.
    1971 – The NASDAQ stock market index opens for the first time.
    1972 – Josh Gibson & Buck Leonard selected to Hall of Fame
    1973 – Jean Kerrs "Finishing Touches" premieres in NYC1973 – Mushtaq & Asif Iqbal make 350 stand for 4th wicket v NZ
    1973 – Senate names 7 members to investigate Watergate scandal
    1974 – "Good Times" debuts on CBS TV1974 – 3 US astronauts return to Earth after a 85 days in the US space station, Skylab
    1974 – After 84 days in space, the crew of Skylab 4, the last crew to visit American space station Skylab, returns to Earth.
    1974 – Military coup in Upper Volta.
    1974 – Ringo releases "You're 16"
    1974 – Skylab 4's astronauts land
    1974 – Soap opera "Secret Storm" ends a 20 year run
    1975 – 1800 Unification church couples wed in Korea1975 – Caps only got one shot in a period against Islanders
    1976 – "Taxi Driver" directed by Martin Scorsese, starring Robert De Niro and Jodie Foster is released1976 – Hua Guofeng becomes premier of China PR
    1976 – Jan Stephens wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Naples Golf Classic
    1976 – Largest crowd at Cleveland Coliseum (Cavs vs Wash-21,130)
    1977 – Earthquake in SF, at 5.0, strongest since 19661977 – Hustler publisher Larry Flynt sentenced on obscenity charges
    1978 – Crown Prince Sad Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah becomes PM of Kuwait1978 – Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time.
    1978 – Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time.
    1979 – Denis Sassou-Nguesso became the President of the Republic of the Congo for the first time.1979 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1981 – "5 O'Clock Girl" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 12 performances1981 – "Brigadoon" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 133 performances
    1981 – Sally Little wins LPGA Elizabeth Arden Golf Classic
    1981 – Twenty-one association football spectators are trampled to death at Karaiskakis Stadium in Neo Faliro, Greece, after a football match between Olympiacos F.C. and AEK Athens F.C.
    1981 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Elaine Zayak
    1981 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton
    1982 – Dodgers trade Davey Lopes to A's breaking up the longest-playing infield (Cey-Russell-Lopes-Garvey)
    1983 – 35th NHL All-Star Game: Campbell beat Wales 9-3 at NY Islander1983 – A prize stallion and Derby winner is kidnapped; a nationwide hunt begins the following day
    1983 – Ariel Sharon resigns from Israeli government after an inquiry shows he was indirectly responsible for the killings of hundreds of people in 1982
    1983 – Baseball orders Mickey Mantle to sever ties with Claridge Casino
    1983 – Champion thoroughbred Shergar kidnapped in Ireland; never found Lloyds of London pays $10.6 million insurance
    1983 – Eric Peters sets transatlantic sailboat record (E-W)-46 days
    1983 – The Melbourne dust storm hits Australia's second largest city. The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, a 320 metres (1,050 ft) deep dust cloud envelops the city, turning day to night.
    1983 – Tina Howe's "Painting Churches" premieres in NYC
    1983 – Wayne Gretzky sets NHL all star record of 4 goals in 1 period
    1984 – 14th Winter Olympic games opens in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia1984 – 1st time 8 people in space
    1984 – A's take Yankees pitcher Tim Belcher as Type A free agent compensation
    1984 – Soyuz T-10 launches with crew of 3 to Salyut 7
    1985 – 1st-class cricket debut of Jimmy Adams (age 17), Jamaica v Barbados1985 – Bruce Morris, Marshall Univ, makes a 92' 5½" basketball shot
    1985 – Director Martin Scorsese (42) weds producer Barbara De Fina (35)
    1985 – Michael Gross swims world record 800m freestyle (7:38.75)
    1985 – Opposition leader Kim Dae Jung returns to South-Korea
    1986 – 1984 Summer Olympics head of the LAPD bomb squad, Arleigh McCree, and his partner Officer Ronald Ball of the Firearms and explosives unit were killed while trying to dismantle two pipe bombs when they responded to a call. McCree was recognized as one of the top explosive experts in the world.1986 – 5' 7" Spud Webb of Atlanta Hawks wins NBA Slam Dunk Competition
    1986 – Hinton train collision: Twenty-three people are killed when a VIA Rail passenger train collides with a 118-car Canadian National freight train near the town of Hinton, Alberta, west of Edmonton. It is the worst rail accident in Canada until the Lac-Mégantic, Quebec derailment in 2013 which killed forty-seven people.
    1986 – The crime film "A Better Tomorrow", starring Yun Fat Chow, premieres in Hong Kong
    1986 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano
    1987 – 37th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 154-149 (OT) at Seattle1987 – Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic
    1988 – NASA launches DOD-2
    1989 – 5 cm of snow falls in outskirts of Los Angeles1989 – Jockey Chris Antley begins record of 64 consecutive winning days
    1989 – US Boeing 707 crashes into Santa Maria mountain, 145 die
    1990 – "60 Minutes" commentator Andy Rooney suspended by CBS for racial remarks attributed to him by a gay magazine1990 – David Hares "Racing Demon" premieres in London
    1991 – Roger Clemens signs record $5,380,250 per year Red Sox contract
    1992 – "I'm Too Sexy" by Right Said Fred peaks at #11992 – 16th Winter Olympic games opens in Albertville, France
    1992 – 1992 Winter Olympics opening ceremony is held in Albertville, France.
    1992 – Ulysses spacecraft passes Jupiter
    1993 – General Motors sues NBC after Dateline NBC allegedly rigs two crashes intended to demonstrate that some GM pickups can easily catch fire if hit in certain places. NBC settles the lawsuit the next day.1993 – GM sues NBC, alleging that "Dateline NBC" program had rigged 2 car-truck crashes to show that 1973-87 GM pickups were prone to fires
    1993 – Suchoi-24 crashes into Tupolev passenger flight, 134 die
    1994 – Jack Nicholson uses a golf club to attack a car1994 – Kapil Dev sets world record for Test Cricket wickets with 432
    1994 – Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee charge with possession of loaded firearm
    1995 – 6.4 earthquake at Trujillo, Colombia (46+ killed)
    1996 – NFL & Cleveland allows Art Modell to move his NFL franchise to Balt but he had to leave the Browns' name behind1996 – The massive Internet collaboration "24 Hours in Cyberspace" takes place.
    1996 – The massive Internet collaboration 24 Hours in Cyberspace takes place.
    1996 – The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.
    1996 – The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.
    1997 – 28th NAACP Image Awards: "A Time to Kill" wins Outstanding Motion Picture
    1998 – 1st female ice hockey game in Olympic history Finland beats Sweden 6-01998 – 48th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 135-114 at NYC
    1998 – NHL stops season until Feb 24th to accomodate the Olympics
    2001 – MLB outfielder David Justice (34) weds model Rebecca Villalobos
    2002 – 19th Winter Olympic games open at Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
    2004 – 46th Grammy Awards: Clocks, Evanescence wins2004 – 54th NHL All-Star Game: East beats West 6-4 at St. Paul, Minnesota
    2004 – NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 55-52
    2005 – Israel and Palestinians agree to ceasefire.2005 – Leaders of both Palestine and Israel declare a truce in what many hope will be a "new era of peace"
    2005 – Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil politician and former MP A. Chandranehru dies of injuries sustained in an ambush the previous day.
    2006 – 48th Grammy Awards: Boulevard Of Broken Dreams, John Legend wins
    2007 – 57th Berlin International Film Festival: "Tuya's Marriage" wins the Golden Bear
    2008 – Nebraska bans electric chair as sole execution method.
    2009 – 51st Grammy Awards: Please Read The Letter, Adele wins2009 – 62nd British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "Slumdog Millionaire" Best Film, Danny Boyle Best Director
    2009 – NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 30-21
    2010 – A freak storm in the Hindu Kush mountains of Afghanistan triggers a series of at least 36 avalanches, burying over two miles of road, killing at least 172 people and trapping over 2,000 travelers.
    2011 – Singer-songwriter and actress Ashlee Simpson (26) divorces rock band Fall Out Boy bassist Pete Wentz (31) due to irreconcilable differences after two and a half years of marriage
    2013 – 100, 000 people march to demand justice for the atrocities of the Bangladesh Liberation War in Dhaka2013 – 16 people are killed and 27 are wounded by a market bombing in Kalaya, Pakistan
    2013 – 29 people are killed and 69 are injured in a series of Iraq bombings
    2013 – A blizzard disrupts transportation and leaves hundreds of thousands of people without electricity in the Northeastern United States and parts of Canada.
    2013 – A massive blizzard begins in the US and Canada that resulted in 15 deaths, 5,300 cancelled flights, and loss of power for 900,000 people
    2014 – 15 people are killed & 130 injured in a hotel fire in Medina, Saudi Arabia2014 – 17 people are killed after a truck & bus collide in Mendoza, Argentina
    2014 – A hotel fire in Medina, Saudi Arabia kills 15 Egyptian pilgrims with 130 also injured.
    2014 – Ole Einar Bjørndalen equals the Winter Olympics medal record with 12
    2015 – 57th Grammy Awards: Best Song "Stay With Me" by Sam Smith, Best Album "Morning Phase" by Beck2015 – 68th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "Boyhood" Best Film, Richard Linklater Best Director
    2015 – Ivory Coast wins the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations football championship













Births

    120 – Vettius Valens, Greek astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer (d. 175)
    412 – Proclus, Greek mathematician and philosopher (d. 485)0412 – St Proclus, patriarch of Constantinople
    882 – Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid, Egyptian commander and politician, Abbasid Governor of Egypt (d. 946)
    1191 – Yaroslav II of Russia (d. 1246)1191 – Yaroslav II of Vladimir (d. 1246)
    1291 – Afonso IV of Portugal (d. 1357)1291 – Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57)
    1405 – Constantine XI Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1453)
    1487 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1550)1487 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1550)
    1552 – Agrippa d'Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)1552 – Agrippa d'Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)
    1577 – Robert Burton, English priest, physician, and scholar (d. 1640)1577 – Robert Burton, writer, Anglican clergyman (Anatomy of Melancholy)
    1586 – Jacob Praetorius, composer
    1591 – Guercino, Italian painter (d. 1666)
    1612 – Samuel Butler, England, poet/satirist (Hudibras) (baptized)
    1649 – Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
    1685 – Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (d. 1770)1685 – Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian and author (d. 1770)
    1700 – Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-Swiss mathematician and physicist (d. 1782)
    1708 – Václav Jan Kopřiva, Bohemian organist and composer (d. 1789)1708 – Vaclav Jan Kopriva, composer
    1720 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1750)1720 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1750)
    1741 – André Grétry, Belgian-French organist and composer (d. 1813)1741 – Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry, composer
    1762 – Gia Long, Vietnamese emperor (d. 1820)
    1764 – Joseph Leopold Eybler, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1846)1764 – Joseph Leopold von Eybler, Austrian composer
    1789 – Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer, composer
    1792 – Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (d. 1873)1792 – Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
    1795 – Friedlieb F Runge, German chemist (Chinoline)1795 – Moritz G [Moses] Saphir, Hungarian journalist/serial writer
    1798 – Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia (d. 1849)
    1804 – Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (d. 1834)1804 – Richard Lemon Lander, English explorer (d. 1834)
    1807 – Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist (d. 1889)1807 – Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and zoologist (d. 1889)
    1807 – Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman
    1810 – Norbert Burgmuller, composer
    1811 – Edwin Denison Morgan, Sect of War (Confederacy), (d. 1883)
    1813 – Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist
    1817 – Richard Stoddert Ewell, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
    1818 – Austin Blair, Gov/MC (Union), (d. 1894)
    1819 – John Ruskin, English author, critic, and academic (d. 1900)1819 – John Ruskin, writer/critic/artist/Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
    1820 – William Tecumseh Sherman, American general (d. 1891)1820 – William Tecumseh Sherman, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1891)
    1822 – Maxime Du Camp, France, writer/traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)1822 – Maxime Du Camp, French photographer and journalist (d. 1894)
    1824 – Barnard Elliot Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
    1825 – Henry Walter Bates, English geographer, biologist, and explorer (d. 1892)
    1828 – Antonio Cagnoni, composer1828 – Jules Verne, French author, poet, and playwright (d. 1905)
    1828 – Jules Verne, writer "Father of Science Fiction" (Around the World in 80 days), born in Nantes, France
    1829 – Vital-Justin Grandin, French-Canadian bishop and missionary (d. 1902)
    1830 – Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1876)
    1834 – Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and academic (d. 1907)
    1847 – Hugh Price Hughes, English social reformer (d. 1902)
    1850 – Kate Chopin, American author (d. 1904)
    1851 – Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, writer, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1904)
    1852 – Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russ author (Tjoma Kartashov) [NS=2/20]
    1859 – John H Been, town's archivist of Brielle (Baasje & Witkop)
    1866 – Moses Gomberg, Ukrainian-American chemist and academic (d. 1947)
    1876 – Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
    1878 – Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli philosopher and academic (d. 1965)1878 – Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)
    1880 – Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)1880 – Franz Marc, German soldier and painter (d. 1916)
    1880 – Viktor Schwanneke, German actor and director (d. 1931)
    1882 – George Siegmann, actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba, Oliver Twist)1882 – Thomas Selfridge, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1908)
    1882 – Thomas Selfridge, First person to die in an airplane crash (d. 1908).
    1883 – Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance1883 – Joseph Schumpeter, Czech-American economist and political scientist (d. 1950)
    1884 – Reginald Baker, Australian athlete and actor (d. 1953)1884 – Snowy Baker, Australian boxer, rugby player, and actor (d. 1953)
    1886 – Charlie Ruggles, actor (Ruggles, Aesop-Bullwinkle Show), born in Los Angeles, California1886 – Charlie Ruggles, American actor and singer (d. 1970)
    1888 – Edith Evans, actress (Tom Jones, David Copperfield), born in London, England (d. 1976)1888 – Edith Evans, English actress (d. 1976)
    1888 – Matthijs Vermeulen, Dutch composer/music critic
    1890 – Claro M. Recto, Filipino lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1960)1890 – Claro Mayo Recto, Filipino nationalist/opponent of US colonialism
    1891 – Edgar Palm, Curacao, pianist/composer
    1892 – Elizabeth Ryan, American tennis player (d. 1979)1892 – Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt)
    1893 – Ba Maw, Burmese lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Burma (d. 1977)1893 – Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
    1894 – Billy Bishop [William Bishop], Owen Sound, Ontario, Canadian First World War flying ace1894 – King Vidor, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1982)
    1894 – Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher
    1895 – King Vidor, director (War & Peace, Stella Dallas)
    1896 – Orville Caldwell, Ca, actor (Patsy, French Doll, Last Warning)
    1897 – Zakir Hussain, Indian academic and politician, 3rd president of India (d. 1969)
    1899 – Lonnie Johnson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1970)
    1900 – Guy Douglas Hamilton Warrack, composer1900 – Ivan Ivanov-Vano Soviet animator and Russian animation director (d. 1987)
    1900 – John Cameron, judge
    1901 – Janina Spychajowa-Kurkowska, Poland, women's world champion archer
    1902 – Demchugdongrub, Chinese activist (d. 1966)1902 – Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (d. 1966)
    1902 – Lyle Talbot, [Lysle Hollywood], actor (Glen or Glenda), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    1903 – Greta Keller, Austrian-American singer and actress (d. 1977)1903 – Greta Keller, Austrian-born cabaret singer and actress (d. 1977)
    1903 – Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's founding father, 1st Prime Minister of Malaya (1957-63) and Malaysia (1963-70), born in Alor Star, Kedah (d. 1990)
    1904 – Igor' Fyodorovich Belza, composer
    1905 – Truman Bradley, Missouri US, TV host (Science Fiction Theater)
    1906 – Artur Balsam, Polish/US pianist (Begeleidde Menuhin, Milstein)1906 – Chester Carlson, American physicist and lawyer, invented Xerography (d. 1968)
    1906 – Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopy)
    1906 – Henry Roth, Austria-Hungary/US writer (Call it Sleep)
    1907 – Ray Middleton, American actor, born in Chicago Illinois (d. 1984)
    1908 – Grigor Eghiazaryan, composer1908 – Leslie Kenneth O'Brien, Lord O'Brien of Lothbury, missionary
    1908 – Myron McCormick, Albany, actor (Hustler, Jolson Sings Again)
    1909 – Elisabeth Murdoch, Australian philanthropist (d. 2012)1909 – Henry Roth, writer
    1911 – Anne Aitken, [nee Hopkins], co-found (Diamond Sangha), born in Chicago, Illinois1911 – Elizabeth Bishop, American poet and author (d. 1979)
    1911 – Elizabeth Bishop, US poet (North & South)/Pulitzer Prize (1956)
    1911 – Henri Knap, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist/writer
    1912 – Simon Jurovsky, composer
    1913 – Betty Field, actress (Kings Row, Bus Stop), born in Boston, Massachusetts1913 – Betty Field, American actress (d. 1973)
    1913 – Danai Stratigopoulou, Greek singer-songwriter (d. 2009)
    1913 – John Grandy, Brits RAF-marshal
    1914 – Bert Haas, baseball player1914 – Bill Finger, American author and screenwriter, co-created Batman (d. 1974)
    1914 – Jules van Ackere, Flemish musicologist (Eternal Music)
    1915 – Georges Guétary, Egyptian-French singer, dancer, and actor (d. 1997)1915 – Lambros Georges Guetary Worloou, singer
    1918 – Fred Blassie, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)1918 – Freddie Blassie, American wrestler and manager (d. 2003)
    1918 – John Intoxication, resistance fighter
    1918 – Lord Maxd Rayne, English broker/multi-millionaire
    1919 – Buddy Morrow, orchestra leader (Jimmie Rodgers Show)
    1920 – Buddy Blattner, baseball player1920 – Lana Turner, Wallace Idaho, actress (Survivors, Falcon Crest)
    1921 – Barney Danson, Canadian colonel and politician, 21st Canadian Minister of National Defence (d. 2011)1921 – Hoot Evers, baseball player
    1921 – Lana Turner, American actress (d. 1995)
    1922 – Audrey Meadows, American actress (d. 1996)1922 – Audrey Meadows, American actress (The Honeymooners, The Jackie Gleason Show)
    1922 – Joeri Averbach, Russian chess grandmaster
    1923 – Andrew MacElhone, bar owner
    1924 – Joe Black, baseball player
    1925 – Alvin Brehm, composer1925 – Jack Lemmon, actor (Days of Wine & Roses, Missing), born in Boston, Massachusetts
    1925 – Jack Lemmon, American actor (d. 2001)
    1925 – Raimondo d'Inzeo, It, equestrian (Oly-gold/2 silver/3 bronze-1948-76)
    1926 – Neal Cassady, American author and poet (d. 1968)1926 – Neal Cassady, American writer (d. 1968)
    1927 – John T Myers, (Rep-R-IN, 1967- )1927 – Stanley Baker, Ferndale Wales, actor (Concrete Jungle, Zorro, Zulu)
    1927 – Zdenek Zouhar, composer
    1928 – Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher, lawyer1928 – Jack Larson, playwright and actor (Jimmy Olsen-Superman), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2015)
    1929 – Claude Rich, French actor and screenwriter
    1930 – Alejandro Rey, Argentinian-American actor and director (d. 1987)1930 – Alejandro Rey, Buenos Aires, actor (Carlos-Flying Nun)
    1930 – Arlan Stangeland, (Rep-R-MN, 1977-1991), (d. 2013)
    1930 – Arlan Stangeland, American farmer and politician (d. 2013)
    1930 – Catherine Hardy, Carollton Ga, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1952)
    1930 – James Deetz, American anthropologist (d. 2000)
    1930 – Manuel Castillo, composer
    1931 – James Dean, American actor (d. 1955)1931 – James Dean, Marion IN, stage/film actor (Giant, Rebel Without a Cause)
    1932 – Cliff Allison, English race car driver and businessman (d. 2005)1932 – Jan H Christiaanse, president Dutch political party (CDA)
    1932 – John Towner Williams, Flushing NY, composer/conductor (Boston Pops)
    1932 – John Williams, American pianist, composer, and conductor
    1933 – Elly Ameling, Dutch soprano1933 – Elly Ameling, Rotterdam Holland, soprano (Ilya-Idomeneo)
    1934 – Galina Bystrova, USSR, pentathelete (1957, 58)
    1935 – Vincent Weir 3rd baron Inverforth, Scottish shipping magnate
    1936 – Cletis Boyer, 3rd baseman (NY Yankees)1936 – Larry Verne, singer (Custer)
    1936 – Manohar Hardikar, cricketer (batted in 2 Tests India v WI 1958-59)
    1937 – Joe Raposa, composer/songwriter (Sesame Street)1937 – Joe Raposo, American pianist and composer (d. 1989)
    1937 – Manfred Krug, Duisburg Germany, actor (Boxer)
    1937 – Manfred Krug, German actor and singer
    1938 – Ray Sharpe, singer
    1939 – Gerrit Lakmaaker, sculptor/painter (Leidsepleingroep)1939 – José Maria Sison, Filipino communist
    1939 – Jose Maria Sison, Filipino activist and theorist
    1940 – Averil Cameron, British(?) historian1940 – Talib Rasul Hakim, composer
    1940 – Ted Koppel, English-American journalist
    1940 – Ted Koppel, Lancashire England, American journalist (ABC Nightline)
    1941 – Jagjit Singh, Indian singer-songwriter (d. 2011)1941 – Nick Nolte, American actor (The Thin Red Line, 48 Hrs), born in Omaha, Nebraska
    1941 – Nick Nolte, American actor and producer
    1941 – Tom Rush, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
    1941 – Tom Rush, NH, rock guitarist/vocalist (Circle Game, Urge For Going)
    1942 – Fritz Peterson, baseball pitcher (NY Yankees)1942 – Robert Klein, American comedian, actor, and singer
    1942 – Robert Klein, comedian/actor (Hooper, Deadly Rivals), born in The Bronx, New York
    1942 – Terry Melcher, American singer-songwriter and producer (Bruce & Terry) (d. 2004)
    1942 – Terry Melcher, Rip Chords, Doris Day's son
    1943 – Bob Oliver, baseball player1943 – Creed Bratton, American actor and singer (The Grass Roots)
    1943 – Creed Bratton, California, rock guitarist (Grass Roots-Sooner or Later)
    1943 – Jose de Almeida Prado, composer
    1943 – Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and academic
    1943 – Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and VC of Karachi University
    1944 – Bunky Henry, golfer1944 – Roger Lloyd-Pack, English actor (d. 2014)
    1944 – Sebastião Salgado, Brazilian documentary photographer
    1944 – Sebastião Salgado, Brazilian photographer and journalist
    1944 – Tony Minson, English virologist and academic
    1946 – "Fito" Adolpho De La Parra, rocker (Canned Heat-Hot Money), born in Los Angeles, California1946 – Paul Wheatbread, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
    1947 – J. Richard Gott, American astronomer and academic1947 – Kerrie Biddell, Australian singer and pianist (The Affair) (d. 2014)
    1947 – Sam Gannon, cricketer (Austr lefty quick, 3 Tests v India 1977-78)
    1948 – Dan Seals, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (England Dan & John Ford Coley) (d. 2009)1948 – Dan Seals, McCamey Texas, country singer (England Dan & John Ford Coley-You Still Move Me)
    1948 – Lynda Lyon Block, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)
    1948 – Ron Tyson, American singer-songwriter (The Temptations)
    1949 – Brooke Adams, actress (Cynthia-OK Crackerby, Body Snatchers), born in NYC, New York1949 – Brooke Adams, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
    1949 – Julia Barr, Ft Wayne Ind, actress (Brooke-All My Children)
    1949 – Niels Arestrup, French actor, director, and screenwriter
    1949 – Scott Allen, USA, skater (Olympic-bronze-1964)
    1950 – Cristina Ferrare, American former supermodel and actress1950 – Cristina Ferrare, American model and actress
    1950 – Jose Armando Lopez-Falcon, Cuba, cosmonaut
    1950 – Michael Goodroe, rock bassist (Motels-Only the Lonely)
    1950 – Ted Turner, rocker (Wishbone Ash)
    1951 – Camille LaPierre, NHLer1951 – Z'EV, American text/sound artist (born Stefan Weisser)
    1952 – Daisuke Gōri, Japanese actor (d. 2010)1952 – Hans Van de Lubbe, Dutch bassist/singer (Dike)
    1952 – Marinho Chagas, Brazilian footballer and coach (d. 2014)
    1952 – Nancy Lord, Libertarian VP candidate (1992)
    1953 – Mary Steenburgen, American actress, singer, and producer1953 – Mary Steenburgen, Newport Ark, actress (Parenthood, Time After Time)
    1953 – Roger Clavet, Québécois politician
    1955 – Ethan Phillips, actor (Neelix-Star Trek Voyager)1955 – Jim "the Anvil" Neidhart, wrestler (WWF/WCW/NJPW/CWFI/Calgary)
    1955 – Jim Neidhart, American wrestler
    1955 – John Grisham, American lawyer and author
    1955 – John Grisham, writer (Client, Firm, Pelican Brief)
    1955 – Nancy Oliver, American playwright and television writer
    1956 – Dave Meros, American bass player (Iron Butterfly and Spock's Beard)1956 – Dave Meros, American bassist (Spock's Beard)
    1956 – Marques Johnson, American basketball player and sportscaster
    1957 – Katherine Freese, American astrophysicist and academic
    1958 – "Sensational" Sherri Martel, American professional wrestler (WWF), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2007)1958 – Marina Silva, Brazilian environmentalist and politician
    1958 – Sherri Martel, American wrestler and manager (d. 2007)
    1959 – Heinz Gunthardt, Switzerland, tennis star1959 – Irina Kalinina, USSR, springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1980)
    1959 – Mauricio Macri, Argentine politician (President of Argentina 2015-), born in Tandil, Buenos Aires
    1959 – Mauricio Macri, Argentinian businessman and politician, President of Argentina
    1959 – Pamela Jean Bryant,playmate (April, 1978), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
    1960 – Alex Scott, British horse trainer1960 – Benigno Aquino III, Filipino politician, 15th President of the Philippines
    1960 – Dino Ciccarelli, Canadian ice hockey player
    1960 – Dino Ciccarelli, Canadian NHL right wing (Minnesota North Stars, Washington Capitals), Sarnia Ontario
    1960 – Linda Fratianne, figure skater (Olympic-silver-1980), born in Los Angeles, California
    1960 – Stuart Hamm, American bass player
    1961 – Bruce Timm, American animator and producer1961 – Bruce Timm, TV Producer (DC Animated Universe)
    1961 – Sammy Llanas, rocker (Bodeans)
    1961 – Vince Neil, American singer (Mötley Crüe)
    1961 – Vince Neil, American singer-songwriter and actor (Mötley Crüe)
    1962 – Daniel Levy, English businessman
    1963 – Joshua Kadison, American pianist and songwriter1963 – Joshua Kadison, American singer-songwriter and pianist
    1963 – Mohammad Azharuddin, cricketer (elegant Indian batsman 1984-)
    1963 – Mohammad Azharuddin, Indian cricketer and politician
    1963 – Raleigh MCkenzie, NFL center/guard (Philadelphia Eagles, San Diego Chargers)
    1964 – Dennis Gibson, NFL inside linebacker (San Diego Chargers)1964 – Trinny Woodall, British fashion guru
    1964 – Trinny Woodall, English fashion designer and author
    1965 – Carmen Savy, Brisbane QLD, golfer (1990 Brisbane & District)1965 – Dicky Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer (Big Four)
    1965 – Jim Thornton, NFL tight end (Houston Oilers)
    1965 – Lee Knight, CFL full back (Hamilton Tiger Cats)
    1965 – Mathilda May, actress (Lifeforce), born in Paris, France
    1965 – Miguel Pardeza, Spanish footballer
    1965 – Rod Bernstine, NFL running back (Denver Broncos)
    1965 – Terry McDaniel, NFL cornerback (Oakland Raiders, LA Raiders)
    1966 – Bruno Labbadia, German footballer and manager1966 – Hristo Stoichkov, Bulgarian footballer
    1966 – Hristo Stoichkov, Bulgarian footballer and manager
    1966 – Kirk Muller, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
    1966 – Kirk Muller, Kingston, NHL center (Toronto Maple Leafs)
    1966 – Sarah Montague, English journalist and radio host
    1967 – Yvon Corriveau, Ontario, NHL left wing (Wash Caps)
    1968 – Claudette Pace, Maltese singer1968 – Gary Coleman, American actor (d. 2010)
    1968 – Gary Coleman, Zion, llinois, American actor (Diff'rent Strokes)
    1968 – Joy Fawcett, Inglewood California, soccer defender (Olympics-96)
    1968 – Ron Goetz, CFL linebacker (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
    1969 – Herb Hohenberger, hockey defenseman (Team Austria 1998)1969 – Mary McCormack, actress, (Murder One, Private Parts)
    1969 – Mary McCormack, American actress and producer
    1969 – Mary Robinette Kowal, American puppeteer and author
    1969 – Shiva Rose, American actress
    1970 – Alonzo Mourning, American basketball player1970 – Alonzo Mourning, NBA center (Miami Heat, Charlotte Hornets)
    1970 – Cameron Cuffy, cricketer (St Vincent & WI fast bowler 1994-)
    1970 – John Filan, Australian footballer
    1970 – John Filan, Australian footballer and coach
    1971 – Aidy Boothroyd, English footballer and manager1971 – Andrus Veerpalu, Estonian skier
    1971 – Heidi Mark, playmate (Jul, 1995), born in Columbus, Ohio
    1971 – Mika Karppinen, Swedish-Finnish drummer and songwriter (HIM and To Separate the Flesh from the Bones)
    1972 – Adrian Rollins, cricketer (Derbyshire batsman, bro of Robert of Essex)1972 – Big Show, American wrestler and actor
    1972 – Hiroshi Tsuchida, Japanese actor
    1972 – Marcus Pollard, NFL tight end (Indianapolis Colts)
    1973 – Andreas Gliatis, soccer player (NEC)1973 – Dave Dopek, Bolingbrook Illinois, 200m runner
    1973 – Eric Kresser, quarterback (Cincinnati Bengals)
    1973 – Michelle Brogan, Australian basketball forward (Olympics-bronze-96)
    1973 – Project Pat, American rapper
    1973 – Tom King, Australian 470 class yachter (Olympics-96)
    1974 – Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo, French disc jockey (Daft Punk)1974 – Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo, French DJ and producer (Daft Punk and Darlin')
    1974 – Kimbo Slice, American mixed martial artist
    1974 – Kimbo Slice, Bahamian-American boxer, mixed martial artist, and actor
    1974 – Seth Green, American actor and producer (Family Guy, Austin Powers), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    1974 – Seth Green, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
    1974 – Ulises de la Cruz, Ecuadorian footballer
    1975 – Damon Denson, guard (New England Patriots)1975 – Joshua Morrow, Juneau Alaska, actor (Nicholas Newman-Young & Restless)
    1976 – Abi Titmuss, English model and actress1976 – Adam Piatt, American baseball player
    1976 – Holly Manthei, Edina Minn, soccer midfielder/forward (Olympics-96)
    1976 – Jim Parque, Norwalk California, baseball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)
    1976 – Khaled Mashud, Bangladeshi cricketer
    1976 – Khaled Mashud, Bangladeshi cricketer
    1976 – Nicolas Vouilloz, French race car driver and biker
    1977 – Barry Hall, Australian footballer1977 – Barry Hall, Australian rules footballer
    1977 – Bridgette Kerkove, American actress
    1977 – Bridgette Kerkove, American porn actress, director, and producer
    1977 – Dave Farrell, American musician (Linkin Park)
    1977 – Roman Kostomarov, Russian ice dancer
    1977 – Yucef Merhi, Venezuelan artist
    1978 – Christa Williams, softball pitcher (Olympics-gold-96), born in Houston, Texas1978 – Gökhan Tepe, Turkish singer-songwriter and actor
    1979 – Aaron Cook, American baseball player1979 – Aaron Cook, American baseball player
    1979 – Josh Keaton, American actor and singer
    1979 – Josh Keaton, American actor and singer
    1979 – Tara Tucker, Miss Alabama Teen USA (1997)
    1980 – Cameron Muncey, Australian guitarist (Jet)1980 – Ralf Little, English actor/comedian
    1980 – Stephen Wright, English footballer
    1981 – Myriam Montemayor Cruz, Mexican singer1981 – Myriam Montemayor Cruz, Mexican singer
    1981 – Sophie Choudry, English actress and singer
    1981 – Steve Gohouri, Ivorian footballer (d. 2015)
    1981 – Tommy Michaels, actor (Timmy Hutton-All My Children), born in Staten Island, New York
    1982 – Carlene Aguilar, Filipino model and actress, Miss Philippines Earth 20011982 – Danny Tamberelli, American actor
    1982 – Eric Alexander, American football player
    1982 – Erik Rhodes, American porn actor and director (d. 2012)
    1982 – Liam McIntyre, Australian actor
    1982 – Satomi Kōrogi, Japanese voice actress
    1982 – Sousuke Takaoka, Japanese actor
    1982 – Sousuke Takaoka, Japanese actor
    1983 – Cory Jane, New Zealand rugby player1983 – Jermaine Anderson, Canadian basketball player
    1983 – Jim Verraros, American singer
    1983 – Jim Verraros, American singer and actor
    1983 – Olga Syahputra, Indonesian actor and singer (d. 2015)
    1984 – Cecily Strong, American actress1984 – Manuel Osborne-Paradis, Canadian skier
    1984 – Panagiotis Vasilopoulos, Greek basketball player
    1984 – Panagiotis Vasilopoulos, Greek basketball player
    1985 – Jeremy Davis, American bass player and songwriter (Paramore)1985 – Petra Cetkovská, Czech tennis player
    1987 – Carolina Kostner, Italian European champion figure skater1987 – Carolina Kostner, Italian figure skater
    1987 – Javi García, Spanish footballer
    1988 – Keegan Meth, Zimbabwean cricketer1988 – Keegan Meth, Zimbabwean cricketer
    1988 – Nozomi Sasaki, Japanese model and actress
    1988 – Ryan Pinkston, American actor
    1989 – Courtney Vandersloot, American basketball player1989 – Danielle Harmer, English actress
    1989 – Zac Guildford, New Zealand rugby player
    1990 – Bethany Hamilton, Pro-surfer (Soul Surfer), born in Lihue Hawaii1990 – Trần Thị Thùy Dung, Vietnamese model, Miss Vietnam 2008
    1991 – Aristidis Soiledis, Greek footballer1991 – Nam Woo-hyun, South Korean singer, dancer and actor (Infinite and Toheart)
    1991 – Roberto Soriano, Italian footballer
    1992 – Carl Jenkinson, English-Finnish footballer
    1994 – Nikki Yanofsky, Canadian singer-songwriter
    1995 – Jordan Todosey, Canadian actress







Deaths

    1124 – Stefanus of Thiers/Muret, founder of order of Grammond/saint, dies
    1204 – Alexios IV Angelos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1182)
    1245 – Johannes de Rupella/de la Rochelle, French theologist, dies
    1250 – Robert I of Artois, French crusader (b. 1216)1250 – Robert I, Count of Artois (b. 1216)
    1250 – William II Longespée, English martyr (b. 1212)
    1250 – William II Longespee
    1265 – Hulagu Khan, Mongol ruler (b. 1217)1265 – Hulagu Khan, Mongol ruler (b. 1217)
    1296 – King Przemysł II of Poland (b. 1257)1296 – Przemysł II of Poland (b. 1257)
    1303 – Nanshu, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)/founder (Zounan temple), dies
    1513 – Alonso de Ojeda, Spanish explorer (Curacao & Bonaire), dies
    1529 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer and diplomat (b. 1478)
    1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots (b. 1542)
    1599 – Robert Rollock, Scottish educator1599 – Robert Rollock, Scottish theologian and academic (b. 1555)
    1611 – Jan H Van Linschoten, traveller/writer (Reys-Gheschrift), dies
    1623 – Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (b. 1546)1623 – Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire (b. 1546)
    1640 – Murad IV, Ottoman sultan (b. 1612)
    1650 – John Adriaensz, hydraulic engineer (Haarlemmermeer), dies at about 74
    1676 – Alexis I [Aleksey Mikhailovich], 1st Romanov Tsar of Russia, dies at 461676 – Alexis of Russia (b. 1629)
    1686 – Francois Tak, Dutch diplomat on Java, murdered
    1691 – Carlo di Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect/composer, dies at 79
    1696 – Ivan V of Russia (b. 1666)
    1709 – Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer, dies at 501709 – Giuseppe Torelli, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1658)
    1725 – Peter the Great [Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov], Tsar of Russia (1682-1725) dies of uremia at 521725 – Peter the Great, Russian emperor (b. 1672)
    1740 – Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], blind Pope (1730-40), dies at 87
    1749 – Jan van Huysum, Dutch painter (b. 1682)1749 – Jan van Huysum, Dutch still life painter, dies at 66
    1750 – Aaron Hill, English playwright and poet (b. 1685)1750 – Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
    1768 – George Dance the Elder, English architect (b. 1695)1768 – George Dance the Elder, English architect, designed St Leonard's and St Botolph's Aldgate (b. 1695)
    1771 – Augusta von Saxen-Gotha, German prince Frederick Louis of Wales, dies
    1772 – Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (b. 1719)
    1797 – Johann Friedrich Doles, composer, dies at 81
    1801 – Johann Chrysostomus Drexel, composer, dies at 43
    1821 – Paul Anton Wineberger, composer, dies at 62
    1824 – Rhijnvis Feith, Dutch mayor/writer (Zwolle, Julia), dies at 71
    1849 – François Habeneck, French violinist and conductor (b. 1781)1849 – France Prešeren, Slovenian poet and lawyer (b. 1800)
    1849 – France Preseren, Slovenian poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
    1849 – Francois-Antoine Habeneck, composer, dies at 68
    1856 – Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (b. 1773)1856 – Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist and academic (b. 1773)
    1874 – David F Strauss, German theologist, dies at 66
    1878 – Elias M Fries, Swedish botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83
    1884 – Arnold Henry Guyot, Swiss/US geologist/meteorologist, dies at 76
    1907 – Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (fasenleer), dies at 521907 – Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, Dutch chemist and academic (b. 1854)
    1909 – Edouard Silas, composer, dies at 801909 – Mieczyslaw Karlowicz, composer, dies at 32
    1910 – Hans Jæger, Norwegian philosopher and activist (b. 1854)1910 – Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (b. 1854)
    1915 – François Langelier, Canadian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 10th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1838)
    1920 – Richard Dehmel, writer, dies at 56
    1921 – George Formby (Senior), English entertainer (b. 1876)1921 – George Formby Sr, English actor and singer (b. 1876)
    1921 – Peter Kropotkin, Russian zoologist, geographer, and philologist (b. 1842)
    1921 – Pjotr A Kropotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist, dies at 78
    1924 – Gee John, US mobster (1st executed in gas chamber-Nevada), dies1924 – Gee Jon, Chinese-American criminal (b. 1895)
    1929 – Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain (b. 1858)
    1932 – [Vincent] Mad Dog Coll, mobster, killed by Dutch Schultz gang at 231932 – Yordan Milanov, Bulgarian architect, designed the Sveti Sedmochislenitsi Church (b. 1867)
    1935 – Eemil Nestor Setälä, Finnish linguist and politician, Finnish Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1864)1935 – Max Liebermann, Ger impressionist painter/graphic artist, dies at 87
    1936 – Charles Curtis, American lawyer and politician, 31st Vice President of the United States (b. 1860)
    1937 – Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian, dies at 75
    1942 – Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt), dies at 50
    1944 – Clem Wilson, cricketer (bro of Rockley, 2 Tests for England 1896), dies
    1945 – Italo Santelli, Italian fencer and coach (b. 1866)
    1946 – Miles Mander, actor/director (Murder, 3 Musketeers), dies at 57
    1947 – Ernest Samuel Williams, composer, dies at 65
    1949 – Franco Leoni, composer, dies at 811949 – Leonid Alexeyevich Polovinkin, composer, dies at 54
    1953 – Cliff Clark, actor (Golden Hoofs, Kid Glove Killer), dies at 63
    1954 – Mabel Paige, actress (Lucky Jordan), dies at 73
    1956 – Connie Mack, American baseball player and manager (b. 1862)1956 – Connie Mack, baseball manager (Phila A's, 1901-50), dies at 93
    1957 – John Von Neumann, astronomer, dies at 531957 – John von Neumann, Hungarian-American mathematician and physicist (b. 1903)
    1957 – Walther Bothe, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
    1959 – William J "Wild Bill" Donovan, Office Strategic Services, dies at 76
    1960 – Giles Gilbert Scott, British architect (b. 1880)1960 – Giles Gilbert Scott, English architect and engineer, designed the Red telephone box and Liverpool Cathedral (b. 1880)
    1960 – J. L. Austin, English philosopher and academic (b. 1911)
    1960 – John Langshaw Austin, British philosopher, (b. 1911)
    1961 – William Duncan, actor (Hopalong Rides Again), dies at 81
    1963 – Abdul Karim Kassem, PM of Iraq (58-63), assassinated in Baghdad at 481963 – George Dolenz, Italian actor (Count of Monte Cristo), dies at 55
    1963 – George Dolenz, Italian-American actor (b. 1908)
    1964 – Ernst Kretschmer, German psychiatrist and author (b. 1888)1964 – Tom Terriss, English director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), dies at 91
    1968 – J Borremans, Belgian politician (Communist), dies at 56
    1972 – Markos Vamvakaris, Greek musician and songwriter (b. 1905)1972 – Markos Vamvakaris, Greek singer-songwriter and bouzouki player (b. 1905)
    1973 – Herbie Taylor, cricketer (2936 runs in 42 Tests for South Africa), dies
    1974 – Fern Andra, dies at 801974 – Fritz Zwicky, Swiss/US astronomer (supernova, dark matter), dies at 75
    1975 – Martyn Green, actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Mikado), dies at 751975 – Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)
    1975 – Robert Robinson, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
    1977 – Eivind Groven, Norwegian composer and ethnomusicologist (b. 1901)1977 – Eivind Groven, Norwegian composer and theorist (b. 1901)
    1979 – Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-English physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)1979 – Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Russian poet, dies at 82
    1980 – Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (b. 1936)1980 – Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
    1982 – John Hay Whitney, American financier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1904)1982 – John Hay Whitney, US newspaper magnate, dies at 76
    1984 – Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (b. 1903)
    1985 – Marvin Miller, actor (Michael Anthony-Millionaire), dies at 711985 – Marvin Miller, American actor (b. 1913)
    1985 – Tom Greenway, actor (Miami Story), dies of a heart attack at 75
    1985 – William Lyons, British automobile manufacturer, dies at 84
    1985 – William Lyons, English businessman, co-founded Swallow Sidecar Company (b. 1901)
    1987 – Bronislawa Wajs [Papuscha], writer, dies1987 – Harriet E. MacGibbon, American actress (b. 1905)
    1987 – Harriet MacGibbon, American actress, dies of a pulmonary & cardiac failure at 81
    1987 – Hendrik Koekoek, founder (Dutch Boer party), dies at 74
    1988 – Allan Cuthbertson, actor (Running Man, 7th Dawn), dies at 67
    1989 – Maurits Kok, Dutch writer/poet (Railroad Strike), dies at 81
    1990 – Del Shannon, American rock musician and songwriter (Runaway), commits suicide at 551990 – Del Shannon, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1934)
    1991 – Miran Bux, cricketer (2 Tests for Pakistan 1954-55), dies at 47
    1992 – Baruch Lumet, actor (Killer Shrews), dies at 931992 – Stanley Armour Dunham, American sergeant (b. 1918)
    1993 – Casper van den Berg, Dutch poet (Fashionable inconvenience), dies1993 – Douglas Heyes, director/writer (Kitten with a Whip), dies at 73
    1993 – Eliot Janeway, financial columnist (Eliot Doomsday), dies at 80
    1993 – Franz Schnyder, Swiss director (10th of May), dies at 82
    1993 – N. Shanmugathasan, Sri Lankan communist leader
    1993 – Paul Brickhill, Dutch/US WW II pilot/physician, dies
    1994 – Jacob Firet, Dutch theologist (Agogic Moment), dies at 701994 – Ken Hall, Australian director/producer (Kokoda front line), dies at 92
    1994 – Raymond Scott, American pianist and composer (b. 1908)
    1994 – Raymond Scott, composer (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), dies at 85
    1995 – B G Hooghoudt, radiotelescope build (Dwingeloo/Westerbork), dies at 701995 – Wilhelm J Soukop, Austrian/British sculptor, dies at 88
    1995 – William Fulbright, US politician, dies
    1996 – Del Ennis, American baseball player (b. 1925)1996 – Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, dies at 76
    1996 – Mercer Kennedy Ellington, trumpeter bandleader/composer, dies at 76
    1997 – Roy George Elroy Josephs, jazz dance teacher, dies at 57
    1998 – Enoch Powell, British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member (b.1912)1998 – Enoch Powell, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Health (b. 1912)
    1998 – Halldór Laxness, Icelandic author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
    1998 – Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (b. 1932)
    1998 – Julian Simon, American economist and author (b. 1932)
    1998 – William Lambert, Pulitzer prize-winning reporter, dies at 78
    1999 – Iris Murdoch, Irish-born British writer (The Sea, The Sea), dies at 791999 – Iris Murdoch, Irish-English philosopher and author (b. 1919)
    2000 – Bob Collins, American radio broadcaster (b.1942)2000 – Derrick Thomas, American football player (b. 1967)
    2000 – Derrick Thomas, American football player (b. 1967)
    2000 – Sid Abel, Canadian ice hockey player (Detroit Red Wings), dies at 81
    2000 – Sid Abel, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1918)
    2001 – Ivo Caprino, Norwegian animated film director (b. 1920)2001 – Ivo Caprino, Norwegian director and screenwriter (b. 1920)
    2002 – Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (b. 1930)2002 – Ong Teng Cheong, President of Singapore (b. 1936)
    2002 – Ong Teng Cheong, Singaporean architect and politician, 5th President of Singapore (b. 1936)
    2004 – Julius Schwartz, American comic book and science fiction editor (b. 1915)2004 – Julius Schwartz, American journalist and author (b. 1915)
    2005 – A. Chandranehru, Sri Lankan sailor and politician (b. 1944)2005 – Jimmy Smith, American jazz musician (b. 1925)
    2005 – Keith Knudsen, American drummer, vocalist and songwriter (The Doobie Brothers) (b. 1948)
    2005 – Keith Knudsen, American singer-songwriter and drummer (The Doobie Brothers and Southern Pacific) (b. 1948)
    2006 – Akira Ifukube, Japanese composer (b. 1914)2006 – Akira Ifukube, Japanese composer (b. 1914)
    2006 – Elton Dean, English musician (Soft Machine) (b. 1945)
    2006 – Elton Dean, English saxophonist, songwriter, and producer (Soft Machine and Bluesology) (b. 1945)
    2007 – Anna Nicole Smith, American model and actress (b. 1967)2007 – Anna Nicole Smith, Playboy playmate and tabloid fixture dies suddenly at 39
    2007 – Ian Stevenson, Canadian-American professor and reincarnation expert (b. 1918)
    2007 – Ian Stevenson, Canadian-American psychiatrist and academic (b. 1918)
    2008 – Chua Ek Kay, Chinese-Singaporean painter (b. 1947)2008 – Chua Ek Kay, Singaporean painter (b. 1947)
    2009 – Marian Cozma, Romanian handball player (b. 1982)2009 – Marian Cozma, Romanian handball player (b. 1982)
    2010 – John Murtha, American colonel and politician (b. 1932)2010 – John Murtha, American politician (b. 1932)
    2011 – Tony Malinosky, American baseball player (b. 1909)2011 – Tony Malinosky, American baseball player and soldier (b. 1909)
    2012 – Gunther Plaut, German-Canadian rabbi and author (b. 1912)2012 – Gunther Plaut, German-Canadian rabbi, dies at 99
    2012 – Jimmy Sabater, American singer and timbales player (b. 1936)
    2012 – Luis Alberto Spinetta, Argentinian rock musician, dies from lung cancer at 62
    2012 – Luis Alberto Spinetta, Argentinian singer-songwriter (Almendra, Pescado Rabioso and Invisible) (b. 1950)
    2012 – Wando, Brazilian singer-songwriter (b. 1945)
    2013 – Giovanni Cheli, Italian cardinal (b. 1918)2013 – James DePreist, American conductor and educator (b. 1936)
    2013 – James DePreist, American conductor, dies at 76
    2013 – Maureen Dragone, American journalist and author (b. 1920)
    2014 – Els Borst, Dutch physician and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1932)2014 – Maicon Pereira de Oliveira, Brazilian footballer (b. 1988)
    2014 – Nancy Holt, American sculptor and painter (b. 1938)
    2015 – Andrew Rosenfeld, English businessman, co-founded Minerva (b. 1962)2015 – Müzeyyen Senar, Turkish singer-songwriter (b. 1918)
    2015 – Rauni-Leena Luukanen-Kilde, Finnish physician and parapsychologist (b. 1939)
    2016 – Amelia Bence, Argentinian actress (b. 1914)2016 – John Disley, Welsh athlete (co-founded London Marathon), dies at 87
    2016 – Margaret Forster, English historian, author, and critic (b. 1938)
    2016 – Nida Fazli, Indian poet and songwriter (b. 1938)
    2016 – Roy Señeres, Filipino businessman, lawyer, and politician (b. 1947)
    2016 – Violetta Verdy, French ballerina and teacher, dies at 82
    2016 – Violette Verdy, French ballerina (b. 1933)



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